Archaeology and Nature

Complutum is the Latin name for present day Alcalá de Henares, which was also one of the major Roman cities of inland Spain. Although there was a pre-Roman Complutum, the modern location of the city took shape in the fertile plains of River Henares. In this great city of about 50 hectares, excavations reveal remains of building that formed the Forum which included the basilica, baths and a Cistern. This was the focal area of the city, a square surrounded by buildings with administrative functions, commercial and religious. Today we will visit the remains of this stunning city.

In the vicinity lies the house of Hippolytus, the former Youth College Complutum. The numerous signs encourage the youths not to deviate in life from what they see. Complutum is famous for its magnificent mosaic of fish, a unique piece of art built during the third and fourth centuries.

It is a worthwhile climb up the 109 steps of the Torre de Santa Maria to enjoy one of the most beautiful aerial views of the city. Walls and towers remind the visitor that this was a walled city back in the thirteenth century.

The Puerta de Madrid replaces the original medieval version that was situated in this place and connected in a straight line with the Puerta de Alcala in Madrid. Passing through this door and around the city walls one you will find one of the most beautiful views of the city, the Museum of Outdoor Sculpture. Opened in 1993, its claims to be the largest of its kind in Europe. Definitely a relaxing walk, especially at dusk or dawn, it leaves us with images like these ...

Alcalá offers nature lovers a wide range of possibilities in the Henares River Park and the surrounding hills, the green lungs of Alcalá and natural landscape declared by the Community of Madrid, where you can go walking and cycling.

To end our visit we cannot leave without considering the famous storks of Alcalá that give the city a special charm, and add value to its heritage.